Citizens Against Recidivism, Inc. was founded in 1992 initially to address the needs of family members who had incarcerated loved ones. The organization was incorporated in 1996, initially providing supportive counseling to the wives and family members of the incarcerated, cultural programming in various New York State prisons and delinquency intervention programming for youth. The Internal Revenue Service determined that Citizens is exempt from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.